Six Way Paragraphs by Walter Pauk: A Comprehensive Resource for Reading Factual Material
Six Way Paragraphs by Walter Pauk: A Guide for Reading Comprehension
Reading comprehension is one of the most essential skills for academic success and lifelong learning. However, many students struggle with understanding what they read, especially when it comes to factual material. How can they improve their reading comprehension skills and become more confident and proficient readers?
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One of the best resources for developing reading comprehension skills is Six Way Paragraphs by Walter Pauk. This book teaches readers how to analyze factual material through six types of questions: subject matter, main idea, supporting details, conclusions, clarifying devices, and vocabulary in context. By practicing these six types of questions, readers can enhance their ability to comprehend, retain, and apply information from any text.
Who is Walter Pauk and why should you trust his advice? Walter Pauk is a pioneer in the field of study skills and the author of more than 100 books. He is the creator of the Cornell System, a widely used note-taking strategy that helps students organize and review their notes. He is also a professor emeritus at Cornell University, where he directed the Reading-Study Center for many years. He has helped thousands of students improve their reading and study skills through his books, lectures, and workshops.
What are the main features and benefits of the book Six Way Paragraphs by Walter Pauk? The book consists of 100 passages for each level of difficulty: introductory, middle, and advanced. Each passage is followed by six questions that test the reader's comprehension of the six types of questions. The book also covers four content areas: social studies, science, literature, and combined skills. The book helps readers to:
Improve their reading speed and accuracy
Expand their vocabulary and knowledge
Develop their critical thinking and reasoning skills
Prepare for standardized tests and exams
Enjoy reading more and learn from it
In this article, we will explain each of the six types of questions, the three levels of difficulty, and the content areas in more detail. We will also provide some examples and tips for answering each type of question. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of how to use Six Way Paragraphs by Walter Pauk to improve your reading comprehension skills.
The Six Types of Questions
The six types of questions are the core of the book Six Way Paragraphs by Walter Pauk. They are designed to help readers identify and understand the essential elements of any factual paragraph. Each type of question has a specific purpose and requires a different skill or strategy to answer. Let's look at each type of question in more detail.
The subject matter is the topic or theme of the paragraph. It is what the paragraph is mainly about. To identify the subject matter, you need to look for clues in the title, the first sentence, or the key words in the paragraph. You also need to use your background knowledge and common sense to narrow down the possible topics.
To answer subject matter questions, you need to choose the best word or phrase that summarizes the topic of the paragraph. You should avoid choosing answers that are too broad, too specific, or irrelevant to the paragraph. For example:
Alexander Graham Bell was born in Scotland in 1847. He became interested in sound and speech at an early age because his mother was deaf. He studied acoustics and phonetics at several universities in Europe. In 1870, he moved to Canada with his family and then to Boston, where he taught speech to deaf students. He also worked on inventing a device that could transmit sound over wires. In 1876, he patented his invention, which he called the telephone.
The subject matter question for this paragraph is:
What is this paragraph mainly about?
The possible answers are:
Alexander Graham Bell's life
Alexander Graham Bell's mother
Alexander Graham Bell's invention
Alexander Graham Bell's education
The correct answer is (1) Alexander Graham Bell's life. This answer covers the main topic of the paragraph, which is a brief biography of Alexander Graham Bell. The other answers are too specific or irrelevant to the paragraph.
The main idea is the most important point or message that the author wants to convey in the paragraph. It is what the author wants you to remember or learn from reading the paragraph. To find the main idea, you need to look for clues in the topic sentence, the concluding sentence, or the supporting details in the paragraph. You also need to use your critical thinking and inference skills to determine what the author's purpose and perspective are.
To answer main idea questions, you need to choose the best sentence that summarizes or paraphrases the main idea of the paragraph. You should avoid choosing answers that are too general, too specific, or not related to the paragraph. For example: